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22 June 2011

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How to do Dictionary Attacks to Crack Passwords via Brutus


dictionary attackAre you interested in cracking passwords' and more,so why not you try dictionary attacks instead of guessing passwords. So first let me explain what is a dictionary attack or how is it work? Dictionary attack uses a targeted technique of successively trying all the words in an exhaustive list called a dictionary (from a pre-arranged list of values). In contrast with a brute force attack, where a large proportion key space is searched systematically, a dictionary attack tries only those possibilities which are most likely to succeed, typically derived from a list of words for example a dictionary (hence the phrase dictionary attack) or a bible etc. Generally, dictionary attacks succeed because many people have a tendency to choose passwords which are short (7 characters or fewer), single words found in dictionaries or simple, easily-predicted variations on words, such as appending a digit.

A dictionary attack is when a text file full of commonly used passwords, or a list of every word from the dictionary is used against a password database. Strong passwords usually aren’t vulnerable to this kind of attack. In the following example, I will use Brutus, a very common password cracker, to show a dictionary attack against an ftp server. Brutus is a Windows only program, but at the end of this chapter I will list a couple more password crackers, some of which are made for Mac, Windows, and Linux.

Dictionary Attacks
Before I get into the example, you must first know what an FTP server is. FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. FTP is a simple way to exchange files over the internet. If a hacker got FTP access to my website, he could delete/upload anything he wants on my server. An FTP address looks similar to a website address except it uses the prefix ftp:// instead of http://. I set up an FTP server on my computer so I could demonstrate. You can get Brutus at http://www.hoobie.net/brutus/ .

Procedure :

1. First the hacker would choose a target. In this case it’s my home computer and the IP address for your home computer is 127.0.0.1 .
2. By going to ftp://127.0.0.1 I get a pop-up box asking for a username and password.

auth required
3. Next the hacker would launch a program similar to Brutus and attempt to crack the password.

brutus
4. In the target you put the IP address of the website and to the right select the appropriate option, which in this case is FTP.
5. The default port is 21 but some websites change this to make them a little more secure. If you find out that the port isn’t 21, you can find the right one by doing a port scan.
6. If you don’t know any of the usernames for the FTP server, then you will have to get a list of the most common usernames.
7. For a dictionary attack you will have to choose the pass mode Word List and browse and select the file containing your word list. You can get some good password lists at
http://packetstormsecurity.org/Crackers/wordlists/ . Below are examples of what a username and password list might look like.

notepad
wordlist
8. Once you hit Start the program will attempt to connect to the server and begin to try all the possible combinations from your lists.
9. If you’re lucky, eventually it’ll get the right Username:Password combination. As you can see below, it got the correct combination of username – admin and password – password.

results
10. A smarter hacker would use a proxy when using a program like this. What a proxy does is cloaks your IP address by sending your connection request through another computer before going to the target. Brutus leaves a huge log of your presence on the target server.

That’s it !



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